News and Facts about Cuba

Cuba profile – Media

Cuba profile – Media

12 September 2012 Last updated at 16:14 GMT

The Cuban media are tightly controlled by the government and journalists

must operate within the confines of laws against anti-government

propaganda and the insulting of officials which carry penalties of up to

three years in .

Private ownership of broadcast media is prohibited, and the government

owns all mainstream media outlets.

Cuba is the only country in the Americas not to allow a non-state

independent press, says Reporters Without Borders (RSF). Official media

"serve first and foremost to transmit propaganda for the regime".

The US tries hard to reach Cuban audiences. Washington-backed Radio-TV

Marti says it provides "balanced, uncensored" news for Cubans.

Citing UN data, says there were 1.7 million

internet users by December 2011.

US-based NGO House says most users are connected to the

"closely-monitored" government intranet, and not the internet proper. A

small but vibrant band of bloggers faces harassment and intimidation, it


Cuba is one of RSF's "Enemies of the Internet". Connection problems are

also the result of restrictions under the US , says the press

freedom group.

The press

Granma – Communist Party newspaper, website in five languages

including English


Cubavision – state-run

Portal de la TV Cubana – state TV portal


Radio Rebelde – news, music, sport

Radio Reloj – news

Radio Habana Cuba – external, languages include Spanish, English,

French, Portuguese

Radio Progreso – entertainment

CMBF-Radio Musical Nacional – classical

News agencies

Cuban News Agency (ACN) – state-run

Prensa Latina – state-run

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