As Washington and Havana talk, a question – Where is Fidel Castro?
As Washington and Havana talk, a question: Where is Fidel Castro?
BY NANCY SAN MARTIN AND NORA GAMEZ TORRES
12/18/2014 3:11 PM 12/18/2014 9:40 PM
The stunning announcement made simultaneously in Washington and Havana
of renewed diplomatic ties between both nations after nearly 56 years
has raised many questions.
Among the most prevalent: Where is Fidel Castro? And did he consent to
the historic change? Or is the former Cuban leader in such deteriorated
health that it no longer matters?
“Dictators need an enemy, the bigger the better,” said former Cuban
political prisoner Sebastian Arcos, who now serves as assistant director
of the Cuban Research Institute at Florida International University. “I
would be very surprised if Fidel Castro is conscious and approved this
Frank Mora, director of the Latin America and Caribbean Center at FIU,
also doubts Castro green-lighted the new accord.
“Fidel Castro always took advantage of an adversarial relationship with
the United States,” he said.
The 88-year-old Castro ceded power to his younger brother Raúl in 2008
after falling ill in 2006. But he continues to have a looming presence
even though he is rarely publicly seen or heard.
Essays signed by him continue to be published in state-run newspapers,
most recently on Oct. 14 in response to a New York Times editorial. And
photos of meetings with foreign heads of state were published in July.
But Fidel Castro’s last public appearance was on Jan. 8, when he
attended the inauguration of an art gallery in Havana featuring the work
of Cuban artist Alexis Leyva, aka Kcho. Looking fragile, he was hunched
over and used a cane to walk, surrounded by an entourage of security.
Even then, many speculated his years on earth were numbered.
Many Cuba watchers are now waiting to see if Fidel Castro makes a
statement about the agreement with the United States. Previous attempts
by Washington at reconciliation under Fidel Castro’s reign were
ultimately torpedoed. But since stepping in as leader, Raúl has
introduced some economic reforms and — it is now clear — held quiet
negotiations with President Barack Obama’s administration.
In making the new U.S.-Cuba ties announcement Wednesday, the two
addressed their respective nations at the same time and each spoke for
about 10 minutes.
“The normalization of relations, especially trade relations has always
been a priority for Raúl Castro, not because he is a Democrat but rather
for his legitimacy as ruler,” Arcos said. “He did not do it before
because Fidel would not allow it.”
Longtime anti-embargo advocate Max Lesnik disagrees.
“If Fidel Castro wasn’t in agreement, it would not have happened,” said
Lesnik, of the Miami-based Alianza Martiana and founder of Replica
magazine, who has long been known as a personal friend of Fidel Castro.
Before January’s appearance at the art gallery, Fidel Castro attended
the National Assembly meeting in February 2013 but did not speak. Lesnik
said he has not seen the former leader but is sure he remains in good
“If he has suffered a setback in his health, that would be very
difficult to keep secret,” Lesnik said. “Besides Raúl would not do
anything so dramatic to affect his brother’s well-being if Fidel were
“It is important for this agreement to have taken place while Fidel
Castro remains alive and lucid because had it been done with Fidel not
physically present, there would always be doubt as to whether or not he
agreed or would have done something different,” Lesnik said. “This was
done with his blessing. Otherwise, it would be viewed as a betrayal to
Much remains to be seen about how the agreement between Washington and
Havana will unfold. Also in question is whether there with be changes to
the current government structure on the island.
Raúl Castro, 83, appeared alone in military uniform during his noon
television address on Wednesday. Watching from a couch inside government
offices, according to published photos in Cuba, was Vice President
Ramiro Valdés, a high-profile revolutionary who represents the old guard
and now oversees the island’s telecommunications.
“That’s very interesting and suggests that Ramiro can be a contender in
an internal struggle,” Arcos said. “The back story is that Raúl and
Ramiro do not get along. … Raúl has not given Ramiro a high profile
under his administration. If Fidel is in his final phase, the dispute
between Raúl and Ramiro gets interesting “
Source: As Washington and Havana talk, a question: Where is Fidel
Castro? | The Miami Herald –