Cuban Passport Among The Worst In Latin America
Cuban Passport Among The Worst In Latin America / 14ymedio
Posted on March 2, 2016
14ymedio, 2 March 2016 — Cubans, Haitians and Dominicans are those most
affected in the region because of their nationality, as far as travel
is concerned. The ranking prepared by the consulting firm Henley &
Partners, in collaboration with the International Air Transport
Association (IATA), places the three countries at the end of the line in
Latin America on the 2015 index of Visa restrictions.
The Cuban passport has benefited in recent years from the inclusion of
residents on the island, as of August 2013, among those eligible for a
multiple-entry tourist visa for five years to travel to the United
States. With this visa stamped on their passport, they can also visit,
without applying for a separate visa, countries such as Mexico, Panama,
Costa Rica and El Salvador.
However, it remains the dream of many Cubans to have a foreign passport,
and the more than 119,662 Spaniards living in the country, most of them
nationalized through Spain’s so-called Law of Grandchildren, prefer to
present their EU passport to the immigration officials in the countries
to which they travel.
Among the new limitations suffered by the national passport is the
requirement of a visa for Cuban citizens to enter Ecuador that went into
effect on December 1st of last year, as a result of the migration crisis
in Central America, where thousands of Cubans are stranded on their way
to the United States.
Countries with better international situations and better relations with
other countries benefit in the granting of visas. “The main criteria for
issuing visas are security considerations, along with regulatory and
economic considerations,” a consultant from Henley & Partners told the BBC.
The best placed country in Latin America right now is Chile, in position
number 19 worldwide, as 155 countries do not require a visa from its
citizens. Behind Chile are Brazil (21) and Argentina (22). In 2015
Colombia reached an agreement with the European Union allowing its
nationals to enter the 26 EU countries without a visa, and so jumped
notably higher on the rating.
In the international context, the classification is led by Germany,
whose citizens can travel with little paperwork to 177 countries (the
maximum number is 218). In last place is Afghanistan (25), preceded by
Iraq (30), Pakistan (29) and Somalia (31).
The trend so far is a lowering in the percentage of people who need an
entry visa to visit other countries. According to the Tourist Visa
Openness Report prepared for the United Nations World Tourism
Organization (UNWTO), the figure dropped from 77% in 2008 to 64% in
2013. Despite these data, the refugee crisis in Europe threatens this
propensity for liberalization. Some countries of the European Union are
calling for it to leave the Schengen Area, which affects the mobility of
more than 400 million Europeans, with repercussions that could affect
the rest of the countries that have agreements with the EU to not
Source: Cuban Passport Among The Worst In Latin America / 14ymedio |
Translating Cuba –